Gardening for Beginners


As a new homeowner, it can be confusing when trying to learn about how to properly design your garden. Here are some helpful tips that you can use to get started!

1. Determine your climate zone

Before you begin your garden design, it is important to know the climate zone that you are in. Climate zones are determined by several factors including average temperature, rainfall, and wind exposure. These zones can be found on various maps and are available online or at your local library.

There are many different climate zone maps available but they all offer similar information regarding what plants thrive in each area. Some other countries have their own versions of a climate table that also offers helpful information on plant hardiness zones for those who are interested in gardening outside of North America or Europe (see links below).

2. Know your soil type

To determine your soil type, you can take a sample to the local Cooperative Extension Office and have them test it for you. The test will tell you what kind of fertilizer, irrigation system and plants are best suited for your garden. This is important because different soils have different water-holding capacities, drainage rates and nutrients. You need to know what kinds of soil amendments will be needed in order to grow certain plants successfully in your area. For example: clay soil retains moisture very well but has low nutrient levels; sandy soil drains quickly but doesn’t hold onto water very well; loamy soils are a combination of both clay and sand content with good drainage properties

3. Get to know your plants

For the most part, plants are easy to care for. But before you begin planting anything in your garden, it’s important to know your plants’ needs and how they will grow. Some plants need full sun while others do better in partial shade; some prefer dry soil while others thrive when watered regularly. Once you’ve figured out what kind of environment each plant prefers, it’s time to decide where you’d like it planted!

While it may seem daunting at first glance, knowing about all these different factors will help ensure that your garden is successful from start to finish (and beyond). If there are any questions regarding any specific plant or its needs at any point during this process, don’t hesitate to consult with an expert who has experience with these matters such as yourself!

4. Source a good nursery and check supply

  • Find a good nursery and check their supply

The first thing you’ll want to do is locate a good nursery that offers a variety of plants. It’s also important for them to have an excellent selection available, as well as having knowledgeable staff members who can assist you in making the right choices for your garden. Next, make sure they have what you need — if not in stock then perhaps they can order it for you (be sure to check their hours of operation).

5. Assess your garden’s sun exposure

With respect to sunlight, it’s important to know that this depends on the time of year and the time of day. During winter, it is usually much darker because there are fewer hours of daylight. In addition, you might not want as many plants in your garden during this season because they won’t grow as well without enough light.

However, if you live in an area with a lot of sun exposure at all times during the year (such as southern California), then you can have more plants in your yard without worrying about their growth being inhibited by lack of sun exposure. In fact, some flowering shrubs may even require full sun (direct sunlight) in order for them to flower properly!

The type of plants growing in your garden should also affect how much sunlight your yard receives per day: some plants require more light than others (like tomatoes) and therefore need more sun exposure than other types like lettuce or spinach would need on average over a long period of time

6. Decide on your garden design depending on your needs

When deciding on the garden design, it’s important to consider a few things:

  • The size of your garden. Make sure that you find a design that fits in with your space and doesn’t overwhelm it.
  • The climate of your garden. What kind of weather patterns do you have? Do you need to protect plants from frost? Will anything grow here at all or is this place just too cold for any kind of plant life? These are all questions that will affect how you choose to set up your garden, so think about them beforehand!
  • The soil type of your garden. If there’s existing dirt in place already (which there likely is), then great! But if not, make sure there’s enough natural nutrients around before adding new ones without knowing what needs them most! It’s always better safe than sorry when it comes time for planting some tasty fruits or veggies out there 😉

7. Choose a focal point for your garden

  • Choose a focal point for your garden.

Now that you have chosen the style of garden you want, it’s time to decide on a focal point. The focal point should be something that stands out and is not hidden by any other plants or trees in the area. It can be anything from a statue or fountain to even just an archway and anything else that strikes your fancy!

Everyone can enjoy the satisfaction of growing their own food, no matter the space available, but understanding how to get started is an essential first step!

When you’re just starting out in your garden, it’s easy to get caught up in the excitement of planting your first seeds or transplanting a few tomatoes. Before long, however, you may find yourself overwhelmed by the amount of information available and wonder where exactly to begin.

Thankfully, we’ve put together some helpful tips for anyone looking at starting a new garden. By following these suggestions—starting small and not worrying about what others are doing or what isn’t working for them—you can ensure that your own project is successful from day one!


With these tips in mind, you should be ready to create your own garden! If you’re still unsure about some things, get started by visiting a local nursery or garden center. They can help you learn more about what plants will thrive in your climate zone, soil type and sun exposure.

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