If you love to eat, gardening is a great way to ensure that you have fresh food all summer long. With just a little knowledge and some basic supplies, you can create a beautiful and bountiful garden that will provide fresh vegetables for months to come.
Make a plan.
Once you’ve decided to start a vegetable garden and have done some research, make a plan. A plan is a good way to stay on track and ensure that you plant the right things in the right place at the right time.
You can’t know exactly what will happen during your growing season, but having a general idea of how much sunlight each location gets throughout the day will help you pick where to put each type of plant. You’ll also want to consider what plants might be competing with each other for nutrients or water. For example: Tomatoes need lots of sun, so they should go in your sunniest spots; broccoli would do better in cooler areas because it takes longer for it to grow bigger without getting too hot inside its leaves from direct sunlight (you could try planting them under tall trees or using curtains made out of shade cloth).
If you’re just starting out with gardening on your own land, here are some ways that I’ve found helpful when planning my vegetable gardens:
Choose a space.
Before you can begin, you need to choose a space. Most importantly, you want a sunny spot. It should get at least six hours of sun per day and not be shaded by any nearby buildings or trees.
The area must allow for growth; consider the size of your garden space as well as its water needs. If your plants need too much water and there isn’t enough rainwater in the soil, they won’t grow properly. You can always supplement their diet with some nutrient-rich fertilizer if need be! Also keep in mind that having less land means more work for yourself—but hey: that’s what makes gardening fun!
Test your soil.
Test your soil.
This is the only way to know what nutrients your soil needs, and whether you have the right pH balance for growing vegetables. There are several ways to test your soil, but one of the easiest methods is using a soil test kit from a garden center or hardware store. A basic kit costs about $20 and will give you an accurate picture of what’s going on in your garden bed.
How should you design your garden?
Designing your garden is one of the most important steps in the process. A well-designed garden will be beautiful, functional and sustainable as well as efficient and easy to maintain. It will also be good for the environment by reducing waste and increasing biodiversity. The following paragraphs outline some of the main considerations when designing a vegetable patch:
- Size – You need at least 60cm (2 feet) between plants, but more space will give you more freedom in terms of crop rotation, choice of crops and planting density.
- Orientation – If possible, choose an area that receives full sun all day long, especially during summer months when heat is most intense (north facing walls are ideal). Some vegetables prefer partial shade so if this is important to you consider planting some shade loving plants nearer your house where they’re less exposed to harsh UV rays or overhead clouds blocking out sunlight altogether!
What vegetables should you plant?
When you’re choosing which vegetables to plant, there are a lot of factors to consider. It’s important to choose the best varieties for your climate—some plants need warmer temperatures than others, and some will grow better in partial sun than others. The same goes for the soil: some varieties don’t even need soil! And then there’s space, time and budget. Fortunately, we’ve put together an extensive list of all our favorite vegetable choices below!
How much will your garden cost?
The cost of a vegetable garden depends on several factors. The size, soil quality and type of plants you choose will all influence the price. Also consider the type of tools and irrigation you use as well as fertilizer. Here are some general estimates:
- Planter boxes and raised beds – $30-$100
- Larger gardens with fencing or trellising – $50-$200
- Vegetable seeds – $5-$20 per packet; annuals like lettuce can be started from seedlings for $5 each or less (if purchased in bulk) but if grown from seed, they’ll need to be planted twice a year so that means planning ahead here!
When should you start planting?
The best time to plant depends on what you’re planting. If you’re growing cool weather crops such as tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers, March or April are ideal because these plants need a certain amount of cold weather before they’ll bloom. On the other hand, warm weather crops like spinach and lettuce can be planted throughout the year but will best thrive when planted in late summer through early fall.
If you’re trying to grow fruit trees (or any type of tree), then it’s important that your tree be dormant so that its roots don’t dry out prematurely during the winter months. It’s also important not to plant too early because these trees need time for their root systems to develop before they can withstand freezing temperatures outside—this means waiting until after Halloween before planting anything!
What do you need to know about watering?
Watering deeply and infrequently
Your vegetable plants need to be watered more often than your houseplants, but the key is not to water them too much. Watering the soil, not just the leaves of a plant, is more effective because it encourages root growth. Also remember that when you water your garden, it’s best to do so in the morning so that evaporation doesn’t have time to occur before nightfall.
As a general rule of thumb: if you can stick your finger into the soil and it feels dry at least one inch deep down into the ground, then start watering!
What do you need to know about weeding?
Weeding is one of the most important and often overlooked aspects of gardening. Weeds can steal nutrients from your plants, slow down growth, and cause an unappealing mess. It’s vital to weed your garden regularly to avoid unwanted growth that will take over your garden.
When weeding, there are certain tools you should use if possible:
- A hoe is a great tool for removing weeds in tight spaces where it would be difficult to reach with a shovel or trowel; they come in different sizes depending on how much space you have available (some even fit into small drawers).
- A spade is another good option if you’re looking for something even more powerful than a hoe; this implement has a long handle so that it can provide leverage while digging into roots deep below ground level — perfect for agricultural fields!
Harvesting and storing your vegetables and herbs.
Harvesting and storing your vegetables and herbs.
When to harvest: Harvest the vegetables when they are ready to be eaten, which is usually when they are mature. Some plants have multiples of fruits that can be harvested at different times, but other plants will only produce one fruit at a time. It’s important to make sure you know how many fruits your plant will produce before you start harvesting them so that you don’t wait too long or miss the window for harvest.
How to harvest: Once the fruit is ready for harvesting, use sharp scissors or pruning shears to cut off each piece from its stem with clean cuts rather than tearing at it with dirty hands
With some basic gardening knowledge, a little patience and a lot of love for the Earth, you can create a beautiful and bountiful garden.
Gardening is a rewarding hobby that is great for the environment, and it’s also a fun way to get some exercise. You can learn about nutrition by planting your own vegetables, bushes and fruit trees. If you have kids or grandkids, gardening can be an awesome way for them to spend quality time with their family. Plus, gardening saves money!
You don’t have to be an expert gardener in order to start growing some plants in your apartment or backyard; just get started on one small project at a time so that you don’t feel overwhelmed by all of the options available out there today (there are many!).
It’s never too late to start gardening. You don’t need any fancy tools or expensive equipment. All you really need is some basic knowledge of how plants grow and thrive, a little patience (and maybe some help from friends), and a love for the earth. It’s not only fun and rewarding but also good for your health because it gets you outdoors in nature!